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测验科目:211 Master of translation English 满分:100branch


Part I. Vocabulary and grammar (30 points)


Directions: Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

1. Can people truly fall in love via modem? What are the psychic rewards and risks of computer-______ romance?

A) mediated

B) medicated

C) misdated

D) menaced

2. With the FAA planning to roll out the concept within the next few weeks, air-controllers are already ______ the alarm.

A) pounding

B) sounding

C) knocking

D) voicing

3. Most people in all countries connected with air-traffic control are ______ to admit to any safety problems.

A) prone

B) slow

C) willing

D) loath

4. It is obvious that the aging systems continue to ______, and no new replacement is available.

A) elaborate

B) debouch

C) debauch

D) deteriorate

5. Taha admits that his government has ______ a welcoming prayer mat for a variety of Muslim groups regarded in Washington as extremists.

A) mapped out

B) laid down

C) set down

D) put down

6. Dole may no longer have to blow away the competition to triumph in the ______ expectations game. Now the party elders hope, all he needs to do to come out ahead is to come out ahead.

A) devilish

B) feverish

C) gratifying

D) promising

7. Three weeks ago, an international panel headed by George Mitchell, a former majority leader of the U.S. Senate, issued a report following weeks of patient listening to viewpoints from all ______ in the Belfast cockpit.

A) fractions

B) factions

C) conventions

D) connections

8. Seventeen months and 10 days after proclaiming a cease-fire, the armed underground fighting British rule in Northern Ireland ______ unexpectedly like a cobra at the showplace of London’s economic hopes.

A) plucked out

B) planned out

C) staged out

D) struck out

9. Small farms and the lack of modern technology have ______ agricultural production.

A) blundered

B) tangled

C) bewildered

D) hampered

10. The students have to ______ to the rules and regulations of the school.

A) confirm

B) confront

C) confine

D) conform

11. The helicopter ______ a light plane and both pilots were killed.

A) coincided with

B) stumbled on

C) tumbled to

D) collided with

12. To ______ is to save and protect, to leave what we ourselves enjoy in such good condition that others may also share the enjoyment.

A) conserve

B) conceive

C) convert

D) contrive

13. These areas rely on agriculture almost ______, having few mineral resources and a minimum of industrial development.

A) respectively

B) extraordinarily

C) incredibly

D) exclusively

14. Many scientists remain ______ about the value of this research program.

A) skeptical

B) stationary

C) spacious

D) specific

15. Depression is often caused by the _____ effects of stress and overwork.

A) total

B) increased

C) terrific

D) cumulative

16. A human’s eyesight is not as ______ as that of an eagle.

A) eccentric

B) acute

C) sensible

D) sensitive

17. It is ______ that women should be paid less than men for doing the same kind of work.

A) abrupt

B) absurd

C) adverse

D) addictive

18. Shoes of this kind are ______ to slip on wet ground.

A) feasible

B) appropriate

C) apt

D) fitting

19. We’ll be very careful and keep what you’ve told us strictly ______.

A) rigorous

B) confidential

C) private

D) mysterious

20. The members of Parliament were ______ that the government had not consulted them.

A) impatient

B) tolerant

C) crude

D) indignant

21. Some American colleges are state-supported, others are privately ______, and still others are supported by religious organizations.

A) ensured

B) attributed

C) authorized

D) endowed

22. The prison guards were armed and ready to shoot if ______ in any way.

A) intervened

B) incurred

C) provoked

D) poked

23. Many pure metals have little use because they are too soft, rust too easily, or have some other ______.

A) drawbacks

B) handicaps

C) bruises

D) blunders

24. The authorities will ______ your license if you get another speeding ticket.

A) evoke

B) provoke

C) revoke

D) invoke

25. You had the ______ situation in which Luxembourg had more listed public bathing beaches than the whole of the United Kingdom.

A) luminous

B) luculent

C) lubricant

D) ludicrous

26. Two months later a ______ calling itself the “New Opposition” issued a circular to all members.

A) faction

B) retribution

C) rector

D) screenplay

27. In a world where you can tell the rich from the poor by their Internet connections, the poverty line ______ the high-speed-digital line.

A) trip out

B) trigger out

C) trigger off

D) trip over

28. But with industrialization ______, the HRS is facing a two-pronged challenge: the increase in idle farmland and the pressing demand to convert farmland into agricultural corporate holdings.

A) in full scale

B) on full scale

C) in full gear

D) on full gear

29. Although the members of Parliament wanted to go home, no hope for an early ______ could be entertained.

A) postponement

B) compromise

C) adjustment

D) adjournment

30. Philosophical problems arise when people ask questions that, though very ______, have certain characteristics in common.

A) diverse

B) abstract

C) elementary

D) relevant

Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)

Section 1 Multiple-choice (20 points)

Directions: In this section there are some passages followed by multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your answer sheet.

Passage A

“In every known human society the male's needs for achievement can be recognized... In a great number of human societies men's sureness of their sex role is tied up with their right, or ability, to practice some activity that women are not allowed to practice. Their maleness in fact has to be underwritten by preventing women from entering some field or performing some feat.”

This is the conclusion of the anthropologist Margaret Mead about the way in which the roles of men and women in society should be distinguished.

If talk and print are considered it would seem that the formal emancipation of women is far from complete. There is a flow of publications about the continuing domestic bondage of women and about the complicated system of defenses which men have thrown up around their hitherto accepted advantages, taking sometimes the obvious form of exclusion from types of occupation and sociable groupings, and sometimes the more subtle form of automatic doubt of the seriousness of women's pretensions to the level of intellect and resolution that men, it is supposed, bring to the business of running the world.

There are a good many objective pieces of evidence for the erosion of men's status. In the first place, there is the widespread postwar phenomenon of the woman Prime Minister, in India, Sri Lanka and Israel.

Secondly, there is the very large increase in the number of women who work, especially married women and mothers of children. More diffusely there are the increasingly numerous convergences between male and female behavior: the approximation to identical styles in dress and coiffure, the sharing of domestic tasks, and the admission of women to all sorts of hitherto exclusively male leisure-time activities.

Everyone carries round with him a fairly definite idea of the primitive or natural conditions of human life. It is acquired more by the study of humorous cartoons than of archaeology, but that does not matter since it is not significant as theory but only as an expression of inwardly felt expectations of people's sense of what is fundamentally proper in the differentiation between the roles of the two sexes. In this rudimentary natural society men go out to hunt and fish and to fight off the tribe next door while women keep the fire going. Amorous initiative is firmly reserved to the man, who sets about courtship with a club.

31. The phrase "men's sureness of their sex role" in the first paragraph suggests that they ______

A) are confident in their ability to charm women.

B) take the initiative in courtship.

C) have a clear idea of what is considered "manly".

D) tend to be more immoral than women are.

32. The third paragraph does NOT claim that men ______

A) prevent women from taking up certain professions.

B) secretly admire women's intellect and resolution.

C) doubt whether women really mean to succeed in business.

D) forbid women to join certain clubs and societies.

33. The third paragraph ______

A) generally agrees with the first paragraph

B) has no connection with the first paragraph

C) repeats the argument of the second paragraph

D) contradicts the last paragraph

34. At the end of the last paragraph the author uses humorous exaggeration in order to ______

A) show that men are stronger than women

B) carry further the ideas of the earliest paragraphs

C) support the first sentence of the same paragraph

D) disown the ideas he is expressing

35. The usual idea of the cave man in the last paragraph______

A) is based on the study of archaeology

B) illustrates how people expect men to behave

C) is dismissed by the author as an irrelevant joke

D) proves that the man, not woman, should be the wooer

36. The opening quotation from Margaret Mead sums up a relationship between man and woman which the author______

A) approves of

B) argues is natural

C) completely rejects

D) expects to go on changing

Passage B

When President Clinton held a press conference in June 1999 to mark what was billed as one of the most important scientific milestones of the century - the cracking of the human genetic code - two men stood together on a White House podium to share the credit. As leaders of competing genome projects, Francis Collins, director of the National Human Genome Research Institute, and J. Craig Venter, president of Celera Genomics, were recognized, correctly, as the two most important players in the worldwide effort to spell out the 3 billion “letters” of the human genome - the biochemical recipe, encoded in our DNA, for manufacturing and operating a complete human being.

Yet while scientific diplomacy required that Venter and Collins get equal recognition for this epochal achievement, insiders knew that one man was more equal than the other. The genome would certainly have been sequenced if Craig Venter had never been born. But if he hadn’t decided to attack the problem with a radical approach, using the most sophisticated computer technology available, and to drive the effort with the full force of his rebellious personality, it would have taken years longer to complete. By forcing Collins and his colleagues to double and redouble the pace of their work, Venter guaranteed that the scientific rewards and potentially lifesaving medical treatments derived from decoding our genes would start to pour in almost half a decade earlier than anyone had expected. Venter’s contribution, asserts Victor McKusick, the Johns Hopkins researcher who is considered the grandfather of medical genetics, was “spectacular.”

That is an understatement. Having the genome in hand will almost certainly be seen as one of the crowning achievements of the new century, no matter what else happens in the next 100 years. The genome - or, more precisely, the individual genes it contains - spell out the instructions for constructing the protein building blocks of every cell in every tissue of the body. This so-called book of life will inevitably reveal secrets of both health and disease, promising new treatments for virtually every malady that afflicts us.

37. Venter and Collins share the credit for _________.

A) the discovery of DNA

B) the success of the press conference held in June 1999

C) the cracking of the human genetic code

D) the invention of a new language

38. The author is of the opinion that _________.

A) Venter’s contribution is as great as Collin’s

B) Collins was ignorant of the most sophisticated computer technology

C) without Venter, the genome would never have been sequenced

D) it is Venter who quickened the pace of genome research

39. What does the author imply when he says “That is an understatement”?

A) Venter’s contribution is far more important.

B) We should focus on something more important.

C) The value of the genome is underestimated.

D) The statement is not fair and should be forgotten.

40. In the last paragraph, “this so-called book of life” refers to ________.

A) an instruction

B) a building block

C) the genome

D) a secret

Section 2 Answering questions (20 points)

Directions: Read the following passages and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read and write your answer in the corresponding space in your answer sheet.

Passage C

Traveling through the country a couple of weeks ago on business, I was listening to the talk of the late UK writer Douglas Adams’ master work “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” on the radio and thought-I know, I’ll pick up the next hitchhikers I see and ask them what the state of real hitching is today in Britain.

I drove and drove on main roads and side roads for the next few days and never saw a single one.

When I was in my teens and 20s, hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport. The kindness or curiosity of strangers took me all over Europe, North America, Asia and southern Africa, Some of the lift-givers became friends, many provided hospitality on the road.

Not only did you find out much more about a country than when traveling by train or plane, but there was that element of excitement about where you would finish up that night.

Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture. It has books and songs about it. So what has happened to it?

A few years ago, I was asked the same question about hitching in a column of a newspaper. Hundreds of people from all over the world responded with their view on the state of hitchhiking.

Rural Ireland was recommended as a friendly place for hitching, as was Quebec, Canada---“if you don’t mind being criticized for not speaking French”.

But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in some places, the general feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed.

With so much news about crime in the media, people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we need to be so wary both to hitch and to give a lift?

In Poland in the 1960s, according to a Polish woman who e-mail me, “the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker’s Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for drivers, so each time a driver picked somebody, he or she received a coupon. At the end of the season, drivers who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes. Everyone was hitchhiking then”.

Surely this is a good idea for society. Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down barriers between strangers. It would help fight global warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels. It would also improve educational standards by delivering instant lessons in geography, history, politics and sociology.

A century before Douglas Adams wrote his “Hitchhiker’s Guide”, another adventure story writer, Robert Louis Stevenson, gave us that what should be the hitchhiker’s motto: “To travel hopefully is a better thing than to arrive.” What better time than putting a holiday weekend into practice. Either put it to the test yourself, or help out someone who is trying to travel hopefully with thumb outstretched.

41. What is the author’s comment on his experience of hitchhiking?

42. What is the current situation of hitchhiking?

43. What is the writer’s attitude towards the practice in Poland?

Passage D

Over the past several decades, the U.S., Canada, and Europe have received a great deal of media and even research attention over unusual phenomena and unsolved mysteries. These include UFOs as well as sightings and encounters with “nonhuman creatures” such as Bigfoot and the Loch Ness monster. Only recently has Latin America begun to receive some attention as well. Although the mysteries of the Aztec, Mayan, and Inca civilizations have been known for centuries, now the public is also becoming aware of unusual, paranormal phenomena in countries such as Peru.

The Nazca “lines” of Peru were discovered in the 1930s. These lines are deeply carved into a flat, stony plain, and form about 300 intricate pictures of animals such as birds, a monkey, and a lizard. Seen at ground level, the designs are a jumbled senseless mess. The images are so large that they can only be viewed at a height of 1,000 feet - meaning from an aircraft. Yet there were no aircraft in 300 B.C., when it is judged the designs were made. Nor were there then, or are there now, any nearby mountain ranges from which to view them. So how and why did the native people of Nazca create these marvelous designs? One answer appeared in 1969, when the German researcher and writer Erich von Daniken proposed that the lines were drawn by extraterrestrials as runways for their aircraft. The scientific community did not take long to scoff at and abandon von Daniken’s theory. Over the years several other theories have been put forth, but none has been accepted by the scientific community.

Today there is a new and heightened interest in the Nazca lines. It is a direct result of the creation of the Internet. Currently there are over 60 sites dedicated to this mystery from Latin America’s past, and even respected scientists have joined the discussion through e-mail and chat rooms.

Will the Internet help explain these unsolved mysteries? Perhaps it is a step in the right direction.

44. Why has there been increasing interest in the Nazca lines?

45. What is the author’s attitude towards the role of the Internet in solving mysteries?

Part III. Writing (30 points)

Some people say that technology will replace human intelligence. Write a composition of about 400 words to explain why you agree or disagree with this observation.
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