哪些英文短语千万不能直译?

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see1277 | reply0 | 2021-11-25 17:04:51 | 显示全部楼层 |Reading mode
英语中有些词的字面意思跟它的实际含义大相径庭,需要特别注意。其实这些词背后都有着故事,记住了这些特定典故和固定表达,就容易理解多啦。但还是要默默吐槽下,学英语怎么套路那么多……


下面小U就为大家分享一下这些容易理解错的单词和短语。

Dry goods 纺织品
错误翻译:dried food
☞ The floor was stacked high with bales of dry goods.
地板上高高地堆放着许多包纺织品。

Sporting house 妓院
错误翻译:体育室
☞ Police found them in a sporting house.
警方发现他们在妓院。

Dead president 美国钞票
错误翻译:死了的总统 ❌
☞ I need some dead presidents.
我需要一些钞票。
* 该词的用法源于美元上的已故美国总统肖像,商贩在街头做交易时会用这个词。

Senior citizen 老年人
错误翻译:高级公民
☞ At present, the senior citizen welfare situation in countryside is unoptimistic.
目前,农村老年人福利现状不容乐观。

Wash one's hands 上厕所
错误翻译:洗手
☞ Where can I wash my hands?
请问洗手间在哪里?
* 这个表达大多出现在美国,如果你在其他英语国家也这么问,别人可能会直接理解为字面意思。类似的表达还有,Where can I powder my face?

A black sheep 害群之马
错误翻译:黑色的羊
☞ There's a black sheep in every flock.
每一个团体中都难免有害群之马。

Pull someone's leg 开玩笑,愚弄某人
错误翻译:拖后腿
☞ Stop pulling my leg – you didn't come here yesterday!
别糊弄我——你昨天才没过来呢!

Eat one's words 收回前言,改正错话
错误翻译:食言
☞ They will make you eat your words.
他们会让你收回你的话的。

Mad doctor 精神病科医生
错误翻译:疯医生 ❌
☞ She is a famous mad doctor.
她是一位著名精神病医生。

Busboy 餐馆勤杂工
错误翻译:公交售票员 ❌
☞ He was a busboy, a dishwasher, a caterer and a manager.
他曾是餐馆勤杂工、洗碗工、酒席承办者和经理。
* 餐馆勤杂还可以用"omnibus boys"表示。"Omnibus"这个词源自于拉丁语,有“包括所有”的意思,因为"omnibus boys"承揽了餐馆中所有的杂务。

Busybody 爱管闲事的人
错误翻译:大忙人
☞ Some busybody has been reporting my conduct on a certain day.
有个爱管闲事的家伙一直在打我小报告,揭发我某天干的一些事。

Eleventh hour 最后时刻
错误翻译:第十一个小时
☞ She always turned her term papers in at the eleventh hour.
她总是赶在最后时刻才交论文。
* 典出《圣经》,有个阔人雇工人干活,早上五点就开始雇,雇到最后一个人时已经是夜里很晚了。干完活后付工钱,大早上来的和夜里十一点来的都一视同仁地得到了一枚银币。

Personal remark 人身攻击
错误翻译:个人评论
☞ Did you have to make such a personal remark about hert?
你非要对她进行人身攻击吗?

Confidence man 骗子
错误翻译:信得过的人
☞ Many bad experiences teach Tom how to be a confidence man.
那些不好的经历教会了汤姆如何当个骗子。
* confidence作形容词有“欺骗的”之义

Horse sense 常识(口语)
错误翻译:马的感觉
☞ Ross is no scholar but he has a lot of horse sense.
罗斯虽然不是知识分子,但他常识可不少。

Capital idea 好主意
错误翻译:资本主义思想  
☞ Hmm, a capital idea! Unfortunately, we have our own quest we have been charged to complete.
嗯,好主意!不幸的是,我们还有自己的任务要完成。
* capital作形容词有“一流的,极好的”之义

Green hand 新手
错误翻译:绿手
☞ He is a green hand in business management.
在业务管理方面,他是个新手。

Have a fit 勃然大怒
错误翻译:试穿  
☞ My father had a fit when he saw the mess we'd made.
看到我们搞得一团糟,爸爸气极了。

Out of juice 没电了
错误翻译:没有果汁了
☞ My phone's out of juice. This is so annoying.
我的手机没电了。真恼人。

Red tape (官僚作风的)繁文缛节
错误翻译:红色带子
☞ We are removing the red tape that makes it difficult for our offices to help veterans get the care they need and deserve.
我们正在删减那些繁文缛节,以便老兵们可以更好地获得他们需要和应得的帮助。

China policy 对华政策
错误翻译:中国政策
☞ What's Trump's China policy?
特朗普的对华政策是什么?

The (hand)writing on the wall 不祥之兆
错误翻译:大字报
☞ The residents can see the writing on the wall and realize that if they don't cooperate with the police, these crimes will continue.
居民们感觉到了不祥之兆,意识到如果不跟警察合作,犯罪还会继续。
* 典出《圣经》,巴比伦王伯沙撒曾设盛宴款待贵族朋友,席间做出了亵渎神灵之举。突然一只隐形大手出现,在宫殿墙壁上书写古怪信息,不久巴比伦王就被杀了。

Bring down the house 博得满堂喝彩
错误翻译:推倒房子
☞ Karen's act brought the house down.
凯伦的表演博得了满堂喝彩。

Yellow Book 黄皮书(政府报告书)
错误翻译:黄色书籍
☞ The Hungarian government issues a Yellow Book in which it details its charges of treason.
匈牙利政府发布了政府报告书,详细阐述了对叛国罪的指控。

Have the heart to do 忍心做
错误翻译:有心做
☞ I didn't have the heart to tell her that I didn't love her anymore.
我不忍心告诉她我已经不爱她了。

What a shame! 多可惜,真遗憾!
错误翻译:多可耻
☞ A: The cake is ruined! B: What a shame!
A: 蛋糕被弄坏了! B: 真可惜!

Got your number 知道你打的什么算盘
错误翻译:知道你的号码
☞ You can't fool me, I've got your number – you're never going to pay me back.
你骗不了我。我知道你打的什么算盘——你根本不打算还我钱。

Drama queen 小题大做的人
错误翻译:戏剧女王
☞ A: Oh, it's raining and my new hairdo is ruined! All those hours in the hairdresser for nothing!
A:啊,下雨了,我的新发型遭殃了!在理发店做了那么久的头发就这么糟蹋了。
B: Don't be such a drama queen. Here, take my umbrella.
B:别这么小题大做了。我的雨伞拿去用。

Bluestocking 女学究,女才子(常含贬义)
错误翻译:蓝色长筒袜
☞ The bluestocking paused and looked round the circle of interested faces.
女学究停了下来,环顾周围那一张张兴趣盎然的脸。
* 这个用法源自18世纪的一种现象,当时英国文学社的女成员们常穿蓝色袜子,由此用 blue stocking来借指有学问有才华妇女。后来,bluestocking也用来指附庸风雅或卖弄学问的女人。

Indian summer 愉快宁静的晚年
错误翻译:印度的夏日
☞ His reputation is rightly enjoying Indian summer in critical esteem.
他的声誉到了晚年在评论界得到很高的评价。

Greek gift 害人的礼物
错误翻译:希腊礼物 ❌
☞ One should always beware of a Greek gift.
要小心害人的礼物。
* 这个词语源自于特洛伊战争中“木马屠城”的典故,20名希腊勇士藏进木马里,深夜时,木马里的希腊人与城外大军里应外合,一举摧毁了特洛伊城。

Spanish athlete 爱吹牛的人
错误翻译:西班牙的运动员 ❌
☞ Peter is a Spanish athlete.
皮特是个好吹牛的人。
* 西班牙海军曾号称天下无敌,不料被英国一举打败,从那以后,英国人便开始嘲笑西班牙人好吹牛,尤其是西班牙运动员最能吹牛。说他们常常赛前夸下海口,发誓夺冠,可常以失败告终,终于落下“爱吹牛皮”的恶名。

In one's birthday suit 赤身裸体
错误翻译:穿着生日礼服
☞ I guess he didn't know I was in the house. When I walked into the living room, he was just standing in his birthday suit.
我猜他当时并不知道我在屋里。我走进起居室时,他正一丝不挂地站在那儿!
* 人出生时什么都不穿,因此,这个短语喻指一丝不挂,裸露的样子。

Think a lot of someone 高看或者看中某人
错误翻译:为某人想得很多
☞ The teacher thinks a lot of Mary and her talents.
老师对玛丽的评价很高,对她的才能很是肯定。

You can say that again 说得好,我同意
错误翻译:你可以再说一遍
☞ A: That was an absolutely delicious lunch. B: You can say that again!
A: 这顿饭太好吃了。B: 我同意。

看了这些,以后你还敢按字面含义翻译短语吗?

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