看英文外刊学托福(第一期)|《经济学人》中的托福智慧锦囊

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see7586 | reply0 | 2021-10-3 13:35:12 | 显示全部楼层 |Reading mode
Author:x 大仙机经
每当提到机智、诙谐、有力度、严肃又不失诙谐的英文外刊,大家必然能想到《经济学人》。在读这类英文外刊的过程中总会时不时发现那些让人眼前一亮的地道表达、以共同视角停止的透彻阐发、极有说服力的事实论据,这些素材对托福的语言进修大有裨益。之后会定期为大家呈现一系列和托福考题相关的英文外刊赏析,让我们一起把进修变成一种习惯,开启美好的进修之旅吧。

Develop a passion for learning. If you do, you will never cease to grow.

赏析内容


文章来源:《经济学人》2018year8month30日期刊Asia板块


Can do even better


The world's best education system tries to improve itself


Aug 30th 2018


原文:

Singaporean education is going through “a silent revolution”. Teaching methods in Singapore are changing. All teachers get 100 hours of training a year. They learn newpedagogical(教学法的) techniques, whichencourage group workand discussion between teacher and pupils. As Yan Song, a pupil at Deyi Secondary School who moved from China mid-way through his education, puts it, in Singapore they focus “ on how you behave as a human being.” In China, in contrast, “ you just study from day to night. ”

参考译文:新加坡教育目前正在经历一场悄无声息的变化,教学方法初步发生改变。所有新加坡的教师每年都需要参加100小时的培训,他们会进修一些新的教学技巧:鼓励团队合作和师生互动。一个从中国学校中途转到新加坡德艺中学的学生坦言,新加坡的教育重视人格培养,然而,中国的教育只让学生从白日到黑夜的死学。

原文:

The final change has been to align the classroom with the workplace. By 2023 almost all schools will have “applied leaning” programs in subjects like computing, robotics and electronics, but also drama and sports. The emphasis in all of them is on practising in “real-world” environments; there are no exams. At Deyi Secondary School, broadcast journalism is used as a way to improve communication skills, for instance. The ministry of educationhas also hired 100 career-guidance officials. They keep tabs on labour shortagesand work with schools to inform children about their options, often trying to push them beyond“iron rice bowl” careers like banking, the civil service and medicine.

参考译文:教育变化基于工作市场的需求。到2023年,几乎所有学校都将开设应用进修类课程,比如计算机、机器人学和电子学,也会有戏剧和体育课程。所有科目重点旨在培养学生在实际生活中的理论才能,不设置任何测验。例如:在新加坡的德艺中学,播送新闻被当做提升沟通才能的一个方式。教育部已经雇佣了100名就业指导专家。他们亲密关注劳动力市场缺口,结合学校将这些职位空缺通知给学生,让他们不要只局限于选择像银行、公务员、医护这样的铁饭碗职业。


素材赏析

— 好词—

pedagogical

    词性:adj.释义:教学法的
of, relating to, or befitting a teacher or education

Source:Merrian-Webster dictionary

    例句
For these reasons, schools should review such policies, rules and practices, and should eliminate any that do not serve a clear pedagogical purpose.

释义:因而,学校应该审核下这些政策、规定和尺度,删除掉那些没有明晰教学目的的条规。

摘自:Josh Magness, Kansascity, “Parent complained after teen was cut from cheer squad-now everyone makes the team| The Kansas City Star,” 9 May 2018

    词组搭配
pedagogical methods 教学方法

— 好短语(地道搭配)—

    the ministry of education 教育部career-guidance就业指导encourage group work 鼓励小组合作applied leaning 应用进修keep tabs on 亲密关注
1.释义

to carefully watch (someone or something) in order to learn what that person or thing is doing

2.例句


We are keeping tabs on their movements.


我们正在亲密关注他们的动态。


The magazine keeps tabs on the latest fashion trends.


这本杂志紧跟最新潮水趋势。


Source:Merrian-Webster dictionary

    labour shortages 劳动力短缺iron rice bowl” careers “铁饭碗”职业
— 好句—

    同位语
As Yan Song, a pupil at Deyi Secondary School who moved from China mid-way through his education,puts it, in Singapore they focus “ on how you behave as a human being.”


    插入语
In China,in contrast, “ you just study from day to night. ”


    被动语态
At Deyi Secondary School,broadcast journalism is used as a wayto improve communication skills, for instance.


— 好素材(作文论据)—

大家欣赏完经济学人地道的语言搭配、多样化表达,我们能够一起看看今天选取的两个段落能否能够灵敏运用在我们托福写作测验中作为素材积累呢?

教育类话题不竭是托福写作的高频考题,这篇文章里提到的“ reach2023年,几乎所有学校都将开设应用进修类课程,比如计算机、机器人学和电子学,也会有戏剧和体育课程。” (详见下面

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