雅思阅读同义交换和“雅思语言”你真的懂吗?

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see8629 | reply0 | 2021-9-28 13:51:51 | 显示全部楼层 |Reading mode
作者:朗阁培训中心
发个福利,先来10组典范雅思阅读同义交换,大家自我检测一下能否都知道?

1. resemble = look like

2. self-confidence=assertiveness,confidence

3. rainfall=precipitation

4. reproduce=propagation,fertilisation

5. originate from=derive from

6. alternative=substitute=replacement

7. surrender=give in ,yield

8. halt= stop

9. independence=self-sufficiency=self-reliance

10. field=domain=territory=industry=sector


上面的同义交换方式应该是同学们最熟悉的,也是测验中最常见的同义交换的方式之一。但是,你以为雅考虑官们的同义交换就只要这种简单粗暴的方式吗?很多选择类的标题问题(包罗headings和选择题等),你做地不正确,其实只是因为你熟悉“雅思语言”。

什么是“雅思语言”?Annie(微信号V_qing_)的理解是,“雅思语言”是雅考虑官们在设置标题问题的时候的一种出题思路,并通过英语这门语言形式给表现出来,这就是“雅思语言”。所以,假如你熟悉了“雅思语言”,也就知道了雅思出题的套路。雅考虑试套路很多,这里不逐个讲解,需要的间接私信问我。

那么,在理解了雅思的套路之后,你再去做题,就不再是消极的刷题,而是一种你的套路我了然余心,我做题时就多了一种兴趣性,做题已经上升到一种印证我到底对雅思理解有多深的赶脚,好有趣,有木有?!假如你已经上升到了这种高度,请问,你做题时,心里还会害怕雅思阅读吗?毛爷爷说过:战略上鄙夷仇敌,战术上要重视仇敌。相信我,鄙夷雅思,有奇效,不害怕雅思,你的阅读或许就能起飞。

但是,我们要在战术上重视雅思,所以,还要说说“雅思语言”到底是怎么回事?文章开头给大家列出的同义交换词组,其实是“雅思语言”最间接最简单粗暴的呈现方式,当然也是雅考虑试中最常见的一种出题方式,这种很多时候逐个对应的出题形式,考生会在填空类的标题问题中见得比较多,在填空类的标题问题中考生只要能够识别空格前后实词的同义交换,往往就能够轻松找到答案。

如:

标题问题:Children of average ability seem to need more direction from teachers because they do not have _______.

原文:There appears to be a qualitative difference in the way the intellectually highly able think, compared with more average-ability or older pupils, for whom external regulation by the teacher often compensates for lack of internal regulation.

这个标题问题原文的句子对于有些考生来讲,应该难度挺难,不太好理解,但是,只要你注意并且识别同义交换, do not have= lack of,这样就能够做出答案了,答案是:internal regulation.

但是,你以为阅读测验中的所有同义交换都是这种方式吗?

举例1:关于一件事情或不雅观点,95%的人agree, 5%Ofdisagree. 假如要改写,这句话,怎么改呢?假如你能这样改:The majority of people agree..., 说明你的词汇量还是很不错的。但是,雅考虑官的“雅思语言”很可能是这样呈现的: The overwhelming consensus is that....

aboutconsensus,我们阅读班的词汇串讲讲过,这个单词从后往前看:us(我们)+sense(感觉,感知)+con(一致;一起):就是“共识”的意思。“雅思语言”呈现出来就是:压倒性的共识是...

举例2:关于一个开展变化:such developments have been criticised as..., but the success of other similar development suggests that the majority of the public does not share this opinion.

假如要改写这句话,你认为考官的“雅思语言”会是怎样呢?请闭上眼睛考虑几秒,答案揭晓!!! 雅考虑官是这样改写的:Mixed views on the the change... 这里的mixed views到下次改写的时候,还有可能被考官改写成:conflicting views, 或是 opposing views about sth.

举例3:原文: We may envy geniuses’ achievement and fame, but we should also recognize the price they have paid in terms of perseverance, single-mindedness, dedication, restrictions on their personal lives, the demands upon their energies and time, and how often they had to display great courage to preserve their integrity or to make their way to the top.

你以为考官在改写的时候,会一个词一个词的把上面的句子都改写一遍吗?当然不会,你以为雅考虑官傻吗?雅考虑官的“雅思语言”间接这样:Geniuses often pay a high price to achieve greatness. 这是一品种似summary样的同义交换方式,“雅思语言”的这个特点,你get到了吗?

“雅思语言”不熟悉,也是做题时有些考生定位不准而导致做题错误的原因。如:California has replaced a range of firefighting tools. (判断题)

这个判断题很多考生判断为NOT GIVEN,因为考生在文中读烂也没有发现tools这个词,就判断为NG。但是文中,其实有对应点,“雅思语言”是这样呈现的:California state promises to provide more up-to-date engines, planes, and helicopters to fight fires have been fulfilled.标题问题中的firefighting tools其实考官同义交换了engines, planes, and helicopters 这些能够灭火的工具,这是一种上下义词之间的同义交换,“雅思语言”的这个特点,你掌握了吗?

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