论新托福白话task2的三种解法

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see8897 | reply0 | 2021-9-28 13:02:06 | 显示全部楼层 |Reading mode
作者:南京朗阁外语培训
论新托福白话task2的三种解法。新托福白话测验共包含6部门,task1and2要求考生筹备15秒后,讲述45秒的答复,task3and4会先给考生45秒时间阅读一段材料,然后让考生听一段一分多钟的录音,最后要求考生在30秒的时间内筹备好讲述1分钟的答复,task5and6会先给出一分多钟的录音材料,然后要求考生在筹备20秒后答复一分钟时间。理解并筹备过托福测验的考生会非常明确白话测验的主要难度一般集中在task4and6,因为这一类归于学术类话题,听力难度值相应较大,但是我们也不能忽略task1and2,虽然这两类话题比较简单,但是15秒筹备时间也给考生增加了必然的难度,所以怎样才能在这么短的时间内想出思路并在45秒的时间里充实的组织好内容?下面,小编就来给大伙说说论新托福白话task2的三种解法。


在深化讨论前,我们先来理解一下task2的几种形式。它主要包含了两类话题,个人偏爱类和赞同类,以preferandagree or disagree为明显标识表记标帜。比如TPO39 “If you were given the choice of a school or work assignment, would you prefer to write a long report or give a speech in front of a large group of people? Use details and examples to explain your choice. ”和TPO21“ Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Your friends are the most important influence in your life. Use details and examples to explain your opinion.”

Task2的个人偏爱类和赞同类的主要区别在于,个人偏爱类主要涉及个人在面对生活或者进修的一些选择的不同想法,而赞同类一般涉及到一些比较社会性或者客不雅观性的不雅观点的判断,所以在别离答复的时候会有一些细微的不同。对于偏爱类的答复,因为它涉及的是比较个人的一些想法,所以在答复的角度的选择上能够偏向于个人看法,而赞同类一般集中于比较群众化的一些话题的看法,所以在答复的时候倾向于议论与此话题相关的比较客不雅观的一些不雅观点。本篇主要围绕prefer类停止深化讨论,希望能给考生带来一些启发和指导。针对个人偏爱类,我们接下来将来详细的讨论关于答复这一类话题的思路发散的三个标的目的。

(一)双优

所谓双优,意思是当考生在面对个人偏爱类话题的时候,选择一个持方之后,接下来的答复主要集中于描述这个持方存在的两个长处或者好处。

例子如下:

TPO13 task2: When looking for information for a research project, some students prefer to get their information mainly from the internet. Others prefer to mainly use printed materials such as books and academic journals. Which do you prefer and why?

针对这个话题,假设考生的持方是get information mainly from the internet,那么接下来的内容根本围绕此选择所带来的两个长处展开,比如通过网络搜索信息比较省时间,以及网络信息获得的便当性。而假如考生的持方是另一个也就是use printed materials,那么接下来应该描述书本或者学术期刊的长处,比如内容信息的可靠性和阅读的温馨性。

Tips: 1. Getting information online

(1.1) Convenient

Everything can be done on a computer with internet connection

(1.2) Save time

One can get massive amount of information in a second when doing research online

2. Getting information from printed materials

(2.1) Accuracy

Published materials are more reliable than information found online

(2.2) Prints are easier to read

Staring at the computer screen for a long time can cause eye strains

(二)一优一缺

当然有时候会呈现考生想不出两点长处的情况,这时候考生能够先描述本人持方的一个长处,然后逆向思维描述不选择另一个持方的原因或者说另一个持方的缺点。

例子如下:

TPO26 task2: Some people like to have their cell or mobile phone with them at all times. Other people prefer not to bring their cell or mobile phone with them everywhere they go, or they choose not to own one at all. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

针对这个话题,假如考生持方为have their mobile phone with them at all times,考生能够头脑风暴关于带手机的长处和不带手机的缺点,反之亦然,考生能够描述不带手机的长处和带手机的缺点。

Tips: 1. take cellphone at all times

长处:宁静—safety

娱乐—entertainment

联络—communication

社交—socialization

缺点:上课会干扰同学教师—interrupt students and teachers in class

沉浸游戏—get addicted to games

2. not bring cellphone wherever they go

长处:私人空间—give some private space (e.g. celebrities)

没有辐射—have no radiation

缺点:紧急情况下无法联络—hard to reach in case of emergencies

考生能够随意组合本人想要的答案然后得出本人的版本,不外需要注意的是,在选择长处和缺点的时候,内容不要反复,比如持方为带手机,长处是宁静,然后不带手机的缺点是紧急情况不能联络,不宁静,那么通过这样组合方式,我们会发现内容的两点其实是重叠的,并不是比较有效的表达,所以考生必然避免呈现类似情况。

(三)一优加个人个性

当考生并不能想出本人持方的两个长处或者另一个对立面的缺点,还能够采用一个套路,也就是能够从本人本身个性出发来描述个人的看法,能够套用句型I’m a … person who prefers to …或者as a … boy/girl, I usually prefer to …从本人的个性动手来撑持本人的持方。(此不雅观点只适用于个人,所以这个套路并不合适赞同类话题)

例子如下:

TPO50 task2: Some people like having a wide variety of friends and acquaintances they can spend time with. Others like to spend most of their free time with the same small group of close friends. Which do you prefer? Explain why?

针对这个话题,假如持方是喜欢跟各种各样不同朋友玩,能够先描述这个持方带来的长处,比如能够拓宽人际网或者能够进修到不同的不雅观点和经历,同时能够从本人的个性出发扩大不雅观点,比如个人比较外向擅长交际很喜欢交不同的朋友;假如持方是喜欢跟老朋友一起玩,那么能够先描述长处比如跟老朋友愈加熟悉理解,更好相处,然后能够再从个人个性动手说明个人性格比较内向,不太擅长跟很多人打交道,人多的时候会变得比较害羞沉默。

Tips: 1. spend time with a variety of friends and acquaintances

(1.1) expand social network

experience new things and different culture and custom

(1.2) extroverted

make friends with people with different backgrounds and ages

2. spend time with the same small group of close friends

(2.1) better understanding

get along well with intimate companions

(2.2) introverted

not good at socializing and become taciturn

以上便是对托福白话独立部门task2题型思路扩大的详细详解,三种解法均能够应用于答复当中,考生能够根据本人的个人程度和测验标题问题随机应变灵敏使用,第三种思路比较合适平常想法比较少的考生或者考场上太过于紧张而突然想不出不雅观点的考生停止套用,假如本身实力还能够的考生,笔者建议还是运用第一二种方法更好。这就是小编今天给大家带来的论新托福白话task2的三种解法的内容,希望大家都能够在托福测验中获得一个好成就。

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